Craig T. Nelson | Noon 20th Bd Party | One Piece 192

Power Generation in India

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U.K.ANANTHAPADMANABHAN PRESI DENT

Energy Audit, Energy Efficiency and use of renewable energy sources in a large hospital

KOVAI MEDI CAL CENTER & HOSPI TAL & COI MBATORE MANAGEMENT ASSOCI ATI ON.

Case study in 500 bed Kovai M edical center and Hospital, Coimbatore

1

2

Power Generation in India National level Perspective on Power management

n

The total installed capacity in the country is 1,62,000 MW.

n

Supply Demand gap is 14% in India. Government of India has planned to add 78000 MW of power by March 2012.

A Need for Macro level Audit !!!

3

4

Power Generated – How does it flow? Where does it go? Generating Station

National Level Statistics-T&D n

India has the reputation o f h aving the highest distribution losses in the world with a figure o f nearly 47%, ranking ab ove Burm a with 36 % losses and Bangladesh at 33 %.

n

How do we bring thes e losses down an d becom e an energy surplus Nation?

100 units Transmission System – 4% losses 96 units Unavoidab le Distribution Losses - 15% 82 units Pilferage -35% losses 29 units

Billed to consumer – 53 units 20% loss Energy usefully consumed – 42 units (max.)

5

Need for Energy Audit in Hospitals

Pilferage of Electricity in India n

n

6

Pilferag e (Power theft ) in India is responsible for the disappearan ce o f 29 % o f electri city generat ed. In energy terms this amounts to 613.87 million units/day.

n

75% o f the world’s energy is consumed by 20 mega cities around the world

n

40% o f that in consumed by the buildings Increasing occupanci es by not giving everybody dedi cat ed spaces Good energy, occupan cy, safety/security – manag ement with state o f the art techn ology can provid e 30% increase in effici ency

n n

*Report by W im El fri nk, C ISCO, C hief Globa lizati on O ffice r in “T he T imes o f I ndia” o n 10th J uly, 2 010 7

8

Distribution of the energy use in Buildings over the life cycle (5 phases)

9

Name of Energy

Energy U sage

Emb o d ied En ergy

Manufacturing building materials and components

Grey Energy

Tran sport o f materia ls fro m p ro du ctio n p lan ts to b u ild in g site

Induced Energy

Actual Construction

Op eratio n En erg y

During operation

Demo litio nRecy cl in g En erg y

Demo lition process of buildings as well as in the recyc ling of th eir p arts

10

Basic Principles in Energy Management n n n

Anything that is not measurable or measured can not be controlled . Saving of energy costs directly results in Higher profitability of organization Energy savings emanate from Attitudinal change, Knowledge and innovation 11

12

Soaring tower brick tiled magic,Qutab Minar.Started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak but was Completed by his Son-in-law Iltutmish and Further By Firoz Shah Tughlak. 237.8ft / 1193AD

Built by MughalEmperor Shah Jahan 1632 -1653 and employed 20000 artisans and craftsmen and 1000 elephants

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16

Hospital Buildings

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

EXG + PRO FULL PLAN

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

Hospital Facilities

37

38

39

40

KMCH ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION REPORT S C NO : 1 7 2 YEAR

MONTH

Energy Consumption

PERMITTED MD : 7 5 0 KVA 2 00 5 -- 2 00 6

CON ( KWH )

MAX.DEM ( KVA )

TARIFF : III

2 0 06 -- 20 0 7

PF

CON ( KWH )

MAX.DEM ( KVA )

APRIL - 2 0 07 TO DECEMBER - 2 0 0 7

PF

CON ( KWH )

MAX.DEM ( KVA )

PF

APR

2 3 07 0 0

558

0 .9 7

2 6 46 7 2

668

0 .9 7

2 9 28 3 6

666

0 .9 7

MAY

2 3 99 1 6

588

0 .9 7

2 7 86 6 4

644

0 .9 7

2 6 91 3 6

713

0 .9 7

J UN

2 3 36 8 8

596

0 .9 7

2 6 04 1 2

649

0 .9 7

2 7 60 6 0

724

0 .9 7

J UL

2 2 24 3 2

516

0 .9 8

2 6 99 6 4

646

0 .9 7

2 8 05 8 4

694

0 .9 7

AUG

2 3 43 9 6

514

0 .9 8

2 6 37 6 0

664

0 .9 7

2 8 95 6 0

709

0 .9 7

S EP

2 4 18 8 4

523

0 .9 8

2 5 80 0 0

595

0 .9 7

3 0 66 4 8

674

0 .9 7

OCT

2 3 03 1 6

521

0 .9 8

2 5 27 9 2

630

0 .9 7

2 7 79 3 2

731

0 .9 7

NOV

2 3 20 4 4

476

0 .9 7

2 5 99 3 2

640

0 .9 8

2 5 75 9 2

638

0 .9 7

DEC

2 2 42 4 4

505

0 .9 7

2 4 53 4 0

623

0 .9 8

2 39 8 38

675

0 .9 8

J AN

2 2 78 0 8

512

0 .9 7

2 4 78 1 2

617

0 .9 7

2 4 71 0 4

504

0 .9 8

2 6 22 9 6

642

0 .9 7

2 3 98 5 6

600

0 .9 7

2 5 78 0 8

637

0 .9 7

638

0.971

691

0.971

FEB MAR TOTAL

2 8 04 3 88

AVG

2,33700

3 1 21 4 52

535

0.974

2,60120

2 4 90 1 86

2,76687

41

42

MONTHLY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION DETAILS OF HOSPITALS IN INDIA Pe r.Sq ft Ele . Cha rge

Pe r. Be d Unit Con

700

4 .9 3

860

6 5 .2 9

2300

1 6 .0 5

1 8 .3

630

4 .3 0

570

3450

152126

9 .1 3

360

2 .5 5

380

2280

280000

1 6 .8 0

672

5 .5 8

510

3050

325000

300000

1 8 .0 0

1000

5 .5 4

860

5140

711

127000

95000

5 .7 0

204

4 .4 9

240

1420

550

650

320000

130000

7 .8 0

510

2 .4 4

240

1420

Ara v ind Ey e Hos pita l, M a dura i

285

1068

121900

108000

6 .4 8

350

5 .3 2

380

2270

J os e ph Ey e Hos pita l, Tric hy

300

250

130000

40000

2 .4 0

300

1 .8 5

130

800

50

60

5000

10500

0 .6 3

nil

1 2 .6 0

210

1260

M onthly Con (Ele .Units)

Ele c tric ity Cha rg. in La c s

365000

300000

1 8 .0 0

3320

406690

1 0 8 8 2 00

1310

424979

305000

400

1000

358000

550

1591

301091

SPS Apollo Hos pita l, Ludhia na

350

1100

Ka v e ry M e dic a l Ce ntre , Tric hy

400

Ra jiv Ga ndhi M e dic a l Colle ge , The ne

No.of Be ds

Em p

Sq ft Are a

Kov a i M e dica l Ce nte r, Coim ba tore .

350

1200

Apollo Hos pita ls , Che nnai.

585

G.K.N.M Hos pita l, Coim ba tore

530

Ga nga Hos pita ls , Coim ba tore.

M e e na ks hi M is s ion Hos pital, M a durai

Na m e of the Orga nis a tion

Ge e th Ra guna th Hos pits l, Sa le m

M D in KVA

1860

Pe r Be d Cha rge s Rs

Energy Conservation Initiatves

5140

11160

43

Energy monitoring Technology up gradation Adapting Newer Technologies Green Building Architecture P aperless Hospital Use of renewable energy sources. Scientific Waste Management P ractices Awareness and Motivation P rogrammes 44

Energy Monitoring System (EMS) Building Monitoring System (BMS)

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48

49

50

Technology Improvement

51

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53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

Air-conditioning Refrigeration

65

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67

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70

71

72

73

74

Comp ar ativ e st ate m ent of Cent ral AC Pl ant S.No.

Description

New Plant

Old P lant

1

Desi n gi n g o f Ma c hi ne

Com pa ct

Mor e S pa ce

2

Cap ac it y of Pl a nt

70 to n s 2 No 's ( 4 5 La kh s)

80 to n 1 N o' s, 40 to n 2 N o' s

3

Op er r ati n g C os t

Dep e nd in g o n l oa d

Co ns ta nt

Use Compact Florescent Lamps (CFL), T5 Bulbs and LED lighting

4

Co ntr ol

PLC ba se d

Pne um a ti c

5

Elec tr ic al P ow er

75 K W 2 N o's

75 K W 1 N o, 37. 5 KW 2 No' s

6

Com pr es s or T yp e

Scr ew Com pr e ss or

Op en T y pe R ec ipr oc at in g C om pr e ss or

7

Effi cie n cy

Hig h

8

Pow er s avi n g

(sa vi n g 8% )

60 U ni ts /Hr

9

Savi n g Per M on t h

Rs.2 4, 00 0

-

10

Savi n g Per Y ear

Rs. 2,8 8, 00 0

-

Nor m al

50 U ni ts /Hr

75

76

POWER SAVING IN MERIAN STREET LIGHTING TO TAL NUMBER LIGHT FITTINGS = 2 2 NOS

S.NO.

DESCRI PTI ON

MN-L 160 W LAMP

CFL LAMP

1

POWER CONSUM PTION PER LAM P TOTAL CONSUM PTION ( 160*22) / 1000 TOTAL CONSUM PTION ( 45*22) / 1000

160 WATTS 3.520 KWH

45 WATTS 0.99 KWH

2

UNITS PER DAY AT 12 HOURS

42.24 KWH

11.88 KWH

3

UNITS PER M ONTH

1267.20 KWH

356.40 KWH

4

COST PER M ONTH

RS. 8870.40

RS. 2494.80

5

YEARLY SAVING

DETAI LS OF SAVI NG

RS.6375.60 RS.76,507.20

77

78

79

80

Power factor improvement

INSTALLATION OF APFC PANEL KMCH Electrical Monthly Billing RS. 15,00,000 /-. Cost of APFC panel = 1.5 lacs S.NO

PF

% O F I NCENTI V FOR ENERG Y CONS UM PTI ON.

SAVI NG AMOUNT I N RS

1

0.96

0.5

7,500

2

0.97

1

15,000

3

0.98

1.5

22,500

4

0.99

2

30,000

5

1

2.5

37,500

Static Capacito r Bank = 3 00 KVAR Va riable (APFC) Ca pa cito r Ba nk =50 KVAR

REMARK S

Incentiv e > 0 .95 PF Penalty < 0.90 PF 81

82

300 KVA Coolite energy Saver equipment at KMCH

Energy Saver Equipment

83

84

300 KV A Coolite Energy Saver equipment at KMCH connected to lighting load for minimum 10 % saving

85

86

By pa ss M od e 12% S avi n gs m o de

87

20% sa vi ng s Mo d e

88

Data Ce ntre S ol uti on: Sc al ab le IT C oo li ng S ol uti ons Gre en Da ta C ent er s Solutions

Coo lin g HD

Facts and features of LCP Smart: +

Cooli ng ou tp ut u p t o 20 kW p er r ack

+ +

High av aila bility for e nclo su res with hi gh l oa ds Access -p ro tec ted b eca us e co olin g an d r ack ar e sep ar ate d

NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Š Save s tim e b y .. . • Less ti me re qui re d f or se rvice a nd m aint en anc e $

Save s co st b y .. . • Using e ner gy -e ffi ci en t EC fa n te c hn ol o gy • Being e ne rgy -ef ficie nt du e t o t he hig h w ate r i nlet tem pe ra tu re • Provi din g t he opti on of hi gh -de nsit y c ooli ng witho ut rai se d flo or • Ind ep en de nt o f r oo m te mp er atu re . • Small fo ot pri nt.

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Use of Energy Rated Equipment

NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

93

SUN SHINE Map

94

potential

95

n

India recieves 4 to 7 Kwh of energy per sq.m per day

n

The amount of energy received in India soil for a few minutes is adequate for the whole energy consumed by India in one year. 96

PARABOLIC TROUGH TECHNOLOGY

Most established of Concentrating Solar Power technologies in the world.since thermally efficient receiver tubes placed in the trough focal line. n n

n

Heat transfer fluid, runs through these tubes and gets heated up generally to 200 – 400 0C.

n

Hot fluid is then passed through a series of heat exchangers to produce steam, to drive a conventional turbine to generate electricity.

n n

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100

Summary of advantages of pneumatic tube systems in hospitals • Cr iti ca l s am p le s a n d m edi ca ti o ns r eac h

t heir

d es ti na tio n in a s hor t tim e • No s pr ea d of c o nt am i nat e d a ir t hr o u gh t he t ub e sys tem - All stations have an integrate d bypass to avoid, that air is released in st erile-sensitive are as. - The station a nd the fo rwarding tube is not open a t any point within these areas.

PNEUMATIC PIPE LINE SYSTEM

- The in- a nd outlet of the air at the blower is either taken: a) from an air-con dition duct with cleaned air b) throug h HEPA-filters (HEPA = high efficiency particle air filter) • Sec ur e d tr a nsa ct io n f or sa fe ty s en sit iv e go o ds • Sta tis ti cal ev al ua ti o n o f all d es pa tc he s as a st an dar d all o ws f or as si g nm e nt o f c o st s t o di ff er e nt d ep ar tm en ts Incr ea se d eff ici e nc y f or th e i nt er n al lo gis ti c i n a h o sp it al ! !!

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103

Hos pi ta l

Leaked pr oved car r ier

Com pa ny

Ap pli ca ti on

Pr od uc ts

Syst em 102

104

105

106

107

108

LABORATOR Y MEDICINE

IN PA TIEN T PH ARM ACY

DETAILS OF NUMBER OF DAILY PATI ENT SAM PLE DELI VERI ES BY WARD BOYS/GIRL S:

DETAILS OF NUM B ER OF D AILY IN PATIENT M EDICI NE DELIVERIE S BY WAR D BO YS/GIRLS:

NO. OF PICKUPS/ DAY

NO. OF PICKUPS/ NIGHT

RETURN OF UNUSED M EDICINE

NO. OF PA BOYS/GIRL S IN DAY

NO. OF PA BOYS/GIRL S IN NIGHT

DATE

DAY

0 4 .0 3 .09

WEDNESDA Y

46

66

35

28

20

0 5 .0 3 .09

THURSDA Y

45

59

43

30

22

0 6 .0 3 .09

FRIDAY

53

55

28

29

23

DEPT W ISE NU MBE R O F TI MES MOVE MEN TS PER 2 4 H OURS CLIN ICA L PATH.

BIOCHE MIS TRY

MICR OBI O LO GY

BLO OD BANK

DATE

DAY

05. 03. 09

THURS DAY

94

58

25

16

TO TA L 193

06. 03. 09

FRIDAY

62

42

25

15

144

0 7 .0 3 .09

SATURDAY

48

72

32

28

23

0 8 .0 3 .09

SUNDAY

50

57

36

31

23

07. 03. 09

SATURDAY

57

37

24

13

131

0 9 .0 3 .09

M ONDAY

47

63

37

28

21

08. 03. 09

SUNDAY

86

47

26

17

176

1 0 .0 3 .09

TUESDAY

47

78

42

31

22

48

64

36

29

22

74. 75

46

25

15. 25

161

AVERAGE

NUM BER OF WA RD B OYS A ND GIRLS I NVOLVE D IN TRAN SACTI ONS = 5 1

AVERAGE AVERAGE DAILY TRIPS = 1 4 8

No. O F WA RD B OYS AN D G IR LS SEN T TO LA BOR AT ORY FO R SA MPLE DE LIVERY/ DAI LY = 3 2 PHARM ACY B OYS 6 NOS.= 6 *1 0 = 6 0 TOTAL TRIPS = 2 0 8

109

111

AVERAGE DAI LY VIS ITS = 16 1

110

112

113

114

115

116

Summary of PTS Transactions at KMCH from 19.07.2010 – 27.07.2010

From IP Pharmacy From Surgical Stores From Laboratory Wards to Pharmacy/ Surgical Stores/Lab Total in KMCH

19.07.10

20.07.10

21.07.10

22.07.10

23.07.10

24.07.10

25.07.10

26.07.10

27.07.10

153

153

166

155

135

155

161

153

150

77

80

70

77

65

82

76

61

69

170

270

207

243

254

278

233

216

251

288

386

363

403

352

392

396

342

382

688

889

806

878

806

907

866

772

852

* This d oes n’t i nclu de m or nin g s hift IP -P ha rm acy e mpt y c ont ain er collec te d ( 12 0 Tr ans acti on s) phy sicall y f ro m w ar ds t o red uc e t he con ges tio n a nd qu eui ng in the pi peli ne syst em

Data Collected: 5PM-5PM 117

Summary of PTS Transactions at KMCH from 28.07.2010 – 03.08.2010

118

Full time Chart F ull time Ch art May 31st-Jun e 4th

28.07.10

Total in KMCH

01.08.10

02.08.10

03.08.10

104

99

134

136

138

142

129

26

52

58

88

30

56

44

141

151

172

236

164

216

203

181

227

251

341

286

318

302

452

529

615

801

618

732

678

2 5.0 0 % 2 0.0 0 % 1 5.0 0 % %

1 0.0 0 % 5.0 0 %

Data Collected: 5PM-5PM

* This d oes n’t i nclu de m or nin g s hift IP -P ha rm acy e mpt y c ont ain er collec te d ( 12 0 Tr ans acti on s) phy sicall y f ro m w ar ds t o red uc e t he con ges tio n a nd qu eui ng in the pi peli ne syst em

3.

01 -3 01 -4 4. 01 -5 5. 01 -6 6. 01 -7 7. 01 -8 8. 01 9. 9 01 10 -10 .0 111 11 .0 112 12 .0 113 13 .0 114 14 .0 120

0.0 0 %

2.

Wards to Pharmacy/ Surgical Stores/Lab

31.07.10

01 01 -2

From Laboratory

30.07.10

1.

From Surgical Stores

29.07.10

%

From IP Pharmacy

Time (mins )

Average less than 6 minutes=63.48%

119

120

121

122

Effluent Treatment Plant

123

124

125

126

127

128

129

130

Biomedical Waste management

131

132

133

134

Details of Paper & Plastic Recy clable waste delievered to ITC Limited Paperboards & Speciality Papers Division, Coimbatore (2009) S.No

Recycling of Paper and Plastic waste

135

Month

Collection Amount (Rs.) PA PER

PLA STIC

1

April

9,017.32

Nil

2

May

12,991.47

Nil

3

June

16,100.87

Nil

4

July

14,317.13

1,808.42

5

Augu st

17,255.06

1,980.85

6

September

17,973.56

1,034.97

7

October

15,518.74

769.81

8

November

13,223.55

1,257.00

9

December

22,198.63

2,380.40

Total Collection (R s.)

1,38,596.33

9,231.45

Average/ mont h

15,399.59

1,025.71

136

Monthwise Details of Paper & Plastic Recyclable waste delievered to ITC Limited Paperboards & Speciality Papers Division, Coimbatore (2010) S.No

Month

Collection Amount (Rs.) PA PER

PLA STIC

1

January

17,702.4

1,743.00

2

February

13,529.24

1,461.00

3

March

22,892.55

1,203.00

4

April

14,254.08

2,973.00

5

May

16,261.18

1,206.50

6

June

11,903.45

1,845.50

Total Collection (R s.)

96,542.90

10,432.00

Average/ mont h

16,090.48

1,738.66

137

138

139

140

Hospital Landscaping

141

142

143

144

Resource center at Vienna , Austria

145

146

147

148

GENE RA L VIEW OF SOLA R POWE R PL ANT

149

150

151

152

Solar form in Spain

Nevada Solar One

A solar farm has opened in Spain during feb 2008 consists of 120,000 solar panels over spread over 247 acres. It also has a peak capacity of 20 megawatts and it can power up to 20,000 homes. It will reduce CO2 emissions by about 42,000 tons a year. The 80-MW San Joaquin Valley Customer Choice Solar Farm, which will be located near Fresno, California, will, at 640 acres, be 17 times the size of the current U.S. titleholder, the 4.6-MW Springerville Generating Station near Tucson, Arizona.

One o f the wo rld's largest solar installation is about to be switched on. The project is called Nev ad a Solar One, and it is projected to gen erat e 64 megawatts, when it is operational. It cov ers 300 acres and contain 760 mirror arrays, each measurin g about 100 meters. The total number of mirrors is approxim ately 184,000. The mirrors direct sunlight on an oil-filled tube. The oil is then used to creat e steam, which turns a turbin e.

153

154

Nature does not belong to man But man belongs to nature !!

155

Niligiri hills in south India

156

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Power Generation in India

U.K.ANANTHAPADMANABHAN PRESI DENT Energy Audit, Energy Efficiency and use of renewable energy sources in a large hospital KOVAI MEDI CAL CENTER & HO...

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